Anacaona (1464 – c. 1504), also called the Golden Flower, was a Taíno cacique (chief), sister of Bohechío and wife of Caonabo, chief of a nearby territory, two of the five highest caciques who ruled the island of Hispaniola when the Spaniards settled there in 1492. She was celebrated as a composer of ballads and narrative poems, called areítos.
Although Queen Anacaona, had been friendly to the Spaniards, Spanish Governor Nicolás de Ovando had Queen Anacaona and her Taíno noblemen arrested on charges of conspiracy against the Spanish, and they were all executed. While the Taíno noblemen were shot, Queen Anacaona was executed by hanging. She was thirty-nine years old.